hermes and odin

While Zeus most often visited earth in pursuit of a mistress, the Norse believed that Odin often appeared among humans in the form of a simple traveler. In the Rúnatal, a section of the Hávamál, Odin is attributed with discovering the runes. If we want to be exact, Hermes is not linked directly to Odin.

Odin is described in The Sword of Summer as a barrel-chested man with massive arms. I'm getting a lot of this from Michael Enright, Creating new Help Center documents for Review queues: Project overview. Thoth! One of Odin’s epithets, meanwhile, was the All-Father. Register now for a free lifetime membership, and enjoy posting topics and replying to threads from other members in an ad free environment. Conan the Barbarian: Consciousness Rising. AllPower! PS: Hermes was grandson of Kronos (which carries the figure of the Hermit too), so Hermes can inherit characteristics of his 'past blood', this helps to mark the link between (Kronos-)Odin-Hermes once again. Is there a name for paths that follow gridlines? Hope it Helps! In Norse mythology, Odin’s son is even more similar to the Olympian king than Odin himself.

He also fathered Hod, Baldur's brother. How to say "You can't get there from here" in Latin. While widely revered and powerful, he was subservient to Odin. All-Light!
The part about Paulus Diaconus I found in the notes of N.E. Why is the rate of return for website investments so high? Odin was identified with Mercury as a traveler who roamed the roads of the earth and guided the dead on the road to the underworld. Stories of Odin were often less concerned with his role as a powerful leader and took on elements more fitting for a folk hero than the king of the gods. Odin and his brothers are also attributed with creating mankind. Human sacrifice is something that is very much linked with Odin in the later sources. As Mercury is the Latin name for Hermes, this analysis supports the correspondence between Odin and Hermes (and thus the connection with Thoth).

I'm elaborating these concepts over time rather than presenting a coherent thesis in any one post. The same identification also appears in Anglo-Saxon traditions about the missionary Columbanus. Odin gave them breath and life; Vili gave them brains and feelings; and Ve gave them hearing and sight. From his throne, Hlidskjalf (located in Valaskjalf), Odin could see everything that occurred in the universe. The Slavic Perun, Hindu Indra, Vedic Dyaus, and Finnish Ukko were all of this type. It is thought that Santa Claus is largely based on him, as Christianity appropriated pagan traditions and soug… Zeus and Odin share many similarities as paternalistic kings of their respective pantheons, but a direct link between the two is not strong. While Zeus was a master of the sky, Odin walked the line between the realms of the living and the dead. Were the kings of the Greek and Norse pantheons very much alike, or did they have more in common with other gods? By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. While Thor’s thunderbolts were an obvious link between the two, Odin’s wisdom and status also made him of a similar type to Zeus. Odin (Old Norse: Óðinn) is considered the chief god in Norse Paganism. To drink from the Well of Wisdom Odin had to sacrifice his left eye, symbolizing his willingness to gain the knowledge of the past, present and future.

When I was new to studying ancient mythologies, I never got why the Ancient Greek and Roman authors tended to identify the Germanic god Odin with their Hermes rather then Zeus, I mostly just thought "Odin is the King of the gods so isn't he obviously Zeus". Hammarstedts translation into Swedish of Germania, from 1921, which I've also used to check the translation above. Mythology & Folklore Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for enthusiasts and scholars of mythology and folklore. While Odin was a warrior, he was most known as the god of wisdom. Valhalla has five hundred and forty gates, and a vast hall of gold, hung around with golden shields, and spears and coats of mail. Odin, along with the other Norse Gods and Goddesses, is honored by Odinists and other neopagans. Both were shown as wise, bearded men who exercised paternal authority in their realms. Do you want to help build the Hermeneuticon wiki? May also be a references to Hermes Trismegistus, “Therefore do Thou come forth unto me from Thine abode in the Silence: Unutterable Wisdom! To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. How did Sam and Gimli get to the Undying Lands?. As the half-troll X, Odin was built like a bomb-containment chamber. Parallels between Odin and Celtic Lugus have often been pointed out: both are intellectual gods, commanding magic and poetry. Often, these two types were embodied in the same character. Instead, it seems it was several of Odin's other features that led to the identification. Odin! He was hung from the tree called Yggdrasill while pierced by his own spear. Thoth Hermes Trismegistus is portrayed by the Egyptians as the moon god with the body of a man, head of an ibis, and a crescent moon over his head. You must log in or register to reply here. The iconic hammer of Thor also drew comparisons to Zeus’s son, Hercules. He is honored in Ásatrú, the "faith in the Aesir", an officially recognized religion in Iceland and Denmark, Static vs Dynamic Hedging: when is each one used? What is the relationship between the term 'hermit' and the traditions around Hermes and Hermeticism? Julius Caesar (de bello Gallico, 6.17.1) mentions Mercury as the chief god of Celtic religion. Mercury is the deity whom they chiefly worship, and on certain days they deem it … It originated from tweets I made on these subjects while researching or meditating on them.

But how deep were their similarities? Nine is a significant number in Norse magical practice (there were, for example, nine realms of existence), thereby learning nine (later eighteen) magical songs and eighteen magical runes. I don't believe Mercury was a particularly bloodthirsty god, and neither that he was the most prominent of the Roman pantheon, so obviously the identification is based on other things than what Tacitus says - it makes sense that he would focus on differences. According to the Prose Edda, Odin, who is called "All-Father" is the first and most powerful of the Aesir. The roles of king and sky god were split in the Norse pantheon, giving some powers to Odin and some to Thor. Odin was identified with Mercury as a traveler who roamed the roads of the earth and guided the dead on the road to the underworld. Other issue that could lead us to this confusion is the question of the days of the week. The two gods also have remarkably similar origin stories. John the OFM: 23 Oct 2014 7:51 p.m. PST: Diomedes attacks Ares, the friggin' GOD OF WAR, and stabs him in the belly. The Nemean Lion: The First Labor of Heracles. Zeus was the god of thunder and storms, whose anger was made known in flashes of lightning. Hod was blind. Odin and Mercury/Hermes share several attributes in common.

He had many adventures traveling the world, usually in disguise, in his search for knowledge and truth. At the end of The Sword of Summer Odin wears a short-sleeve Hotel Valhallapolo shirt, along with a massive sword hanging at his side. PLAY LORD OF THE RINGS: CONQUEST ONLINE AGAIN!! Connect with fellow Tolkien enthusiasts with your own private messaging system with unlimited inbox space. If Odin was associated with the messenger god, though, which Norse god did the people of Greece and Rome think was most like Zeus? It's always been assumed that this German Mercury was Woden, especially since the Romans would never have called Mercury "Rex", or king. They took the souls of the warriors to Valhalla (the hall of the fallen), Odin's residence in Asgard. When the Germanic people of Northern Europe interacted with the people of Rome, their chief god was not identified with Zeus/Jupiter at all. Further attestation of the identification is through Paulus Diaconus, 8th century historian of the Lombards, who explicitly identifies Wodan with Mercury. If the viking people used to pray for Odin in War, we can relate with Ares from a greek perspective and so on... so, there is many things too consider. Neither Norse god is a complete cognate of the Greco-Roman sky lord, however.

Translation: Alfred John Church and William Jackson Brodribb. Now for how it came about. Thus far about the source for the identification. When Greco-Roman people looked for an equivalent to their own king of the gods in the north, they instead saw similarities with Odin’s son. In Lokasenna, Loki derides Odin for practicing seid, implying it was woman's work. He employed Valkyries to gather the souls of warriors fallen in battle (the Einherjar), as these would be needed to fight for him in the battle of Ragnarok. Hermes. The first man was Ask and the first woman was Embla and from them all families of mankind are descended. Zeus thus had parallels to both Odin and Thor in the ancient archetypes of the king of the gods and the god of thunder. Gods of similar types could be found across Europe and Asia because they shared an origin in early Indo-European religions. Come join us to discuss the works of Tolkien. There are noticeable differences, however. Odin was a ruler of the afterlife as much as one of the gods, while Zeus’s brother Hades received the dead in Greece. Odin has a number of magical artifacts associated with him: the dwarven spear Gungnir, which never misses its target, a magical gold ring (Draupnir), from which every ninth night eight new rings appear, an eight-legged horse (Sleipnir) and two ravens Huggin and Muninn ((Observation and Memory), who fly around the world daily, to which they report the happenings of the worlds to Odin at Valhalla nightly. If you need source from any of this let me know. His wanderings have already been mentioned in comments above. The Romans themselves did not equate the Germanic gods’ king with their own. Sometimes, however, shifts in culture over time lead to the archetype being represented by two separate deities. What is a proper way to support/suspend cat6 cable in a drop ceiling? In later times, the Germans named their midweek Woden's day, while in Latin it's Mercury's day. The warriors of the Norse culture believed that they would go to Odin’s hall, Valhalla, after their death. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. Mercury!

He is a son of Bestla and Borr and brother of Ve and Vili. With his first wife, Frigg, he fathered Baldur (or Balder), who stood for happiness, goodness, wisdom and beauty. Fortress of Lugh; Survive the jive; Why didn't the Imperial fleet detect the Millennium Falcon on the back of the star destroyer? While the three share their roots in prehistoric Indo-European culture, the Norse gods were influenced in different ways. Is the nucleus smaller than the electron?

The Romans claimed that Mercury, Greek Hermes, was the god most widely worshiped in the north. First, was Gladsheim, a vast hall where he presided over the twelve Judges, whom he had appointed to regulate the affairs of Asgard. The Romans claimed that Mercury, Greek Hermes, was the god most widely worshiped in the north. He is god of both wisdom, war, battle and death.

The Wikipedia article on Hermes says Odin is his Norse equivalent. It is thought that Santa Claus is largely based on him, as Christianity appropriated pagan traditions and sought to Christianize him along with the Yule holiday. Just as Zeus was the ancestor of many of Greece’s founding kings, Odin was believed to have been the forefather of many of the Germanic peoples.

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